Important Notes – Policy Making
* Describe the roles and powers of the executive branch (CE.7b)
The Many Roles of the President
· Chief Executive – Head of the executive branch.
· Commander in Chief – Leader of the armed forces.
· Chief Diplomat – The most important representative of the United States in relations with other nations.
· Legislative Leader – The President guides Congress’ focus on lawmaking creates the nation’s budget.
· Judicial Powers – Chooses Supreme Court justices & federal judges and has the “pardon” power.
· Party Leader – The President is the highest elected official in his or her party.
· Chief of State – The ceremonial leader of the United States & he or she speaks for the whole nation.
Ways the executive branch influences policymaking
· Proposing legislation in an annual speech to the legislature (State of the Commonwealth or State of the Union Address)
· Appealing directly to the people
· Approving or vetoing legislation
· Appointing officials who carry out the laws
* Examine the impact of the media on public opinion and public policy (CE.7c)
Ways media play an important role in setting the public agenda
· Focusing public attention on selected issues
· Offering a forum in which opposing viewpoints are communicated
· Holding government officials accountable to the public
* Describe how individuals and interest groups influence public policy (CE.7d)
Ways individuals influence public policy
· Participating in politics (voting, campaigning)
· Expressing opinions (lobbying, demonstrating, writing letters)
· Joining interest groups
Ways interest groups influence public policy
· Identifying issues
· Making political contributions
· Lobbying government officials