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Important Notes – Policy Making



* Describe the roles and powers of the executive branch (CE.7b)


The Many Roles of the President

·     Chief Executive – Head of the executive branch.

·     Commander in Chief – Leader of the armed forces.

·     Chief Diplomat – The most important representative of the United States in relations with other nations.

·     Legislative Leader – The President guides Congress’ focus on lawmaking creates the nation’s budget.

·     Judicial Powers – Chooses Supreme Court justices & federal judges and has the “pardon” power.

·     Party Leader – The President is the highest elected official in his or her party.

·     Chief of State – The ceremonial leader of the United States & he or she speaks for the whole nation.


Ways the executive branch influences policymaking

·     Proposing legislation in an annual speech to the legislature (State of the Commonwealth or State of the Union Address)

·     Appealing directly to the people

·     Approving or vetoing legislation

·     Appointing officials who carry out  the laws



* Examine the impact of the media on public opinion and public policy (CE.7c)


Ways media play an important role in setting the public agenda

·     Focusing public attention on selected issues

·     Offering a forum in which opposing viewpoints are communicated

·     Holding government officials accountable to the public



* Describe how individuals and interest groups influence public policy (CE.7d)


Ways individuals influence public policy

·     Participating in politics (voting, campaigning)

·     Expressing opinions (lobbying, demonstrating, writing letters)

·     Joining interest groups


Ways interest groups influence public policy

·     Identifying issues

·     Making political contributions

·     Lobbying government officials